Much of Western philosophy finds its basis in the thoughts and teachings of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. Children enter school at six where they first learn the three Rs (reading, writing and counting) and then engage with music and sports. In this sense, justice means excellence. Plato identified the human need as the fundamental cause of association. Hence, every person would know his duty and his responsibility. In what are known as “dialogues”, the early writings of Plato seem to be directly inherited from Socrates. Arun is an educationist, writer, novelist and graphic artist. Early period – writings attributed to him in this period include Apology of Socrates, Euthyphro, Hippias Major and Minor, and Ion. Plato advocated division of labor to organize productive efforts. Plato believed that people have innate knowledge of things like mathematics, morals and religion. His interest in soul, dialogue and in continuing education continue to provide informal educators with rich insights. Born in a rich and affluent Athenian family Plato desired to become a politician but as he grew older he was repulsed by Athenian dictators and drawn towards Socratic thought. Plato explores various viewpoints through these characters. Plato's Philosophies and Contributions to Education Three different levels of education Plato also had a philosophy about stories people tell their children. In this philosophical fiction 7 characters give speeches in the praise of Eros, the god of love and desire. - 15 degrees off your heart (Short Story collection) As a result, he proposed distinct educational programs for future artisans, auxiliaries, and philosopher-kings. Plato’s student Aristotle also took the highest aim of education to be the fostering of good judgment or wisdom, but he was more optimistic than Plato about the ability of the typical student to achieve it. Although Socrates was an influential thinker during his times, he did not write down any of his teachings. Taking a simple example of a physical object like a chair or a concept like justice, it can be loosely said that we experience an imperfect chair and imperfect justice in the phenomena or the material world we exist in. Plato’s 10 Major Contributions And Accomplishments, #1 He is credited with establishing the first university in Europe, #2 He gave us an insight into the philosophical teachings of Socrates, #3 He wrote numerous philosophical discussions which continue to be debated, A majority of Plato’s work is in the form of dialogues, which many a times, #4 He came up with the influential Theory of Forms, #5 He came up with epistemology or theory of knowledge, #6 His work Republic is regarded as a cornerstone of western philosophy, #9 He came up with the influential concept of Platonic Love, #10 He was a leading mentor of Mathematics of his time, Although Plato was not a mathematician himself, he was among the, There is a dark cave where people have been chained to a wall since birth. Founder of the Academy in Athens. Plato's beliefs on education, however, are difficult to discern because of the intricacies of the dialogue. Although Plato was not a mathematician himself, he was among the important patrons of the subject in ancient Greece. He founded what is said to be the first university – his Academy (near Athens) in around 385 BC. (The process is called anamnesis, which means un-forgetting.) The teacher must know his or her subject, but as a true philosopher he or she also knows that the limits of their knowledge. Plato claims it as an example of recollection with the ultimate truths in a past life or knowledge by contemplation rather than observation. After the death of Socrates, Plato may have traveled extensively in Greece, Italy, and Egypt, though on such particulars the evidence is uncertain.The followers of Pythagoras (c. 580–c. It is said that herein lies the first seeds of what we know as Platonic Love today, a type of an emotional and spiritual companionship without sexual desire. Aristotle Education and Plato. Educating is a moral enterprise and it is the duty of educators to search for truth and virtue, and in so doing guide those they have a responsibility to teach. Copyright @ Turiya Infotainment Private Limited. We see in his work the classical Greek concern for body and mind. At 50 they are ready to rule. © Mark K. Smith First published May 8, 1997, Last Updated on January 7, 2013 by infed.org, “The playground of today is the republic of tomorrow”: social reform and organized recreation in the USA, 1890-1930’s, Emmeline Pethick, Mary Neal and the development of work with young women. Accused and convicted of corrupting the youth, […] The extent to which he made contribution to education made the ideal society to be of care to their youth and the guardian were made responsible for the moral education of their children. Plato's educational philosophy was grounded in a vision of an ideal Republic wherein the individual was best served by being subordinated to a just society due to a shift in emphasis that departed from his predecessors. Republic is perhaps the most known and influential work of Plato on philosophy and politics. Middle Period – most famous works attributed to Plato were written during this time, including the Republic, the Symposium and Phaedo. Plato developed and improved the existing didactic techniques. Through the life of Aristotle, one would wonder how a mere thought of philosophy could impact the way education is practiced today as we know it. Objects are passed in front of this fire and a shadow is projected onto the wall in front of the prisoners. Plato also made clear that not all citizens of the ideal state possessed the same capacity to realize the "form of the good." Plato believed such institutions would lead to social progress and a more stable government and he oversaw the Academy until he died in 347 BCE. Contributions Of Plato And Cicero To Education. Third, there is his conceptualization of the differing educational requirements associated with various life stages. For the Greeks and Plato, excellence is virtue. Yet another of Plato's essential contribution to philosophy is his work on epistemology. Drawing on his theory of epistemology, Plato states that the primary objective of education is to reveal the truths lying dormant in our souls. Another contribution of Plato is The Academy, an institution at which students could study astronomy, biology, mathematics and politics. Plato was among the first philosophers to consider the idea of a priori knowledge, defined as knowledge that exists independent of experience. It is estimated that Plato was born in Athens, Greece around the year 428 in fifth century BCE. In 399 BCE, after Socrates was sentenced to death, Plato left Athens. Plato advocated state controlled education and is against any form of forced learning. This theme of education as a rediscovery of knowledge was based on a metaphysical philosophy held by Plato about man and his soul. Following on from the division of labor and the three main types of people in society, Plato … 10 Most Famous Paintings of Flowers By Renowned Artists, 10 Interesting Facts About Hadrian’s Wall, 10 Major Accomplishments of John F. 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